Regional and Sectoral Insights into Economic Impacts
Regional Adaptation Case Studies
The seven regional cases studies provide detailed insights into the economic effects of climate change and adaptation measures on a time scale up to 2050, with some cases continuing to 2100. The cases focus on three sectors – transport, energy and tourism, but also provide detailed information about overall (inter)national economic effects. While starting from local events and situations, the results of these studies are relevant for and applicable in wider regions in Europe. Several cases studies also provide indications for variations in losses (and sometimes gains) across Europe.
Two case studies concern the economic effects of climatic change on the European tourism sector, specifically skiing tourism and summer beach tourism. A warming climate will affect both. The sector may respond by specific investments. Yet, the range of response alternatives of tourists greatly raises the uncertainty for the sector's regional response strategies. ToPDAd assesses the effects of these responses on overnight stays.
The case studies on transport are very different. One case investigates the new potential for shipping as a result of Arctic ice melting, and how this potential may be influenced by various natural and manmade factors. The other transport case analyses disruption effects of extreme weather events on traffic in cities, and more in particular the effectiveness of informing travelers ex-ante and en-route under those circumstances, as well as the recommended timing for infrastructure investments.
The case study on electricity supply in the Baltic Rim studies how a changing climate might affect the variable, weather-dependent renewable electricity production, and how the overall electricity supply system will respond.
Furthermore, two comprehensive case studies examine how extreme weather can affect the regional economy, through damages to infrastructure and limitations on production. These cases use the same modelling framework. One concerns the effects of a flooding in London instigated by extreme downpour, while the second studies the effects of a protracted, combined drought and heat wave on French electricity production.
ToPDAd has estimated the primary economic impacts (costs or benefits) for the different case studies that were assessed. The integrated results of these outcomes have been summarized in a matrix
ToPDAd deliverable 2.4 "Sectoral and cross-cutting multi-sector adaptation strategies for energy, transport and tourism" provides more detail on the backgrounds of this table.
ToPDAd Case Study Summaries
Browse and click on the slides below to access the summary of a ToPDAd case study